Category Products Needle Valve

Needle Valve

A needle valve is used to accurately control flow rates of clean gasses or fluids. The adjustments are gradual and smooth for controlling the flow rate, however, they can also be used as a reliable shut-off valve. However, they are generally only used for low flow rates and have a relatively large pressure drop from the inlet to the outlet. Common port sizes for needle valves range from 1/8” up to 2”. The most common application is to control the flow of a gas, like a propane needle valve does. Figure 1 shows an example of a needle valve.

How needle valves work

Needle valves open and close an orifice with a tapered end that raises and lowers with the spin of a handle. Figure 2 shows a needle valve cross sectional view, design, and components. The handle (A) is connected to the plunger, also called a stem (F). When you turn the handle, the plunger moves up or down based on the threads (C). The locking nut (B) prevents it from fully unscrewing. As the plunger moves down, the tapered pointed end (I) comes into contact with the valve seat to fully seal the orifice (H). Often, the valve seat is also tapered. There are various options and sizes available to connect it to a pipe or hose through the port connection (G) on the input and output. The bonnet (D) is connected to the valve housing (E), which can be made out of different materials like brass or stainless steel.